La Validez y la Eficacia de los Ejercicios Respiratorios para Reducir la Ansiedad Escénica en el Aula de Música

Validity and Efficiency of Breath Exercises to reduce stage fright at the music classroom

Pablo Ramos Ramos

Resumen


El presente texto repasa la literatura científica más relevante en el ámbito de la ansiedad escénica asociada a la interpretación musical, tanto en edad adulta como durante la infancia. Además, se exponen las conclusiones de aquellos estudios que han analizado este rasgo de la personalidad en el medio escolar y se destacan las causas que lo provocan: presión ante la presencia de padres y de otros alumnos, perfeccionismo, baja resistencia al estrés.

Por otra parte, se relaciona el desarrollo de la ansiedad escénica con la pérdida de autoestima, lo que repercute en la educación del niño a un nivel general. Ante esta problemática se discuten las posibles terapias que podrían implementarse en el aula; de entre todas ellas se destacan –por su eficacia y por la facilidad a la hora de aplicarlas– las técnicas de respiración.

Finalmente, se establece un decálogo a modo de guía de actuación para combatir la ansiedad escénica, que el maestro o profesor de música puede tener en cuenta de cara a una primera intervención en el medio escolar.




This paper reviews the most relevant literature in the field of stage fright associated with musical performance, both in adulthood as in childhood. It also presents the findings of studies that have analyzed this feature of personality at schools and highlights the reasons causing stage fright, such as: pressure in presence of parents and other students, perfectionism, and low resistance to stress.
On the other hand, this paper relates the development of stage fright with the loss of self-esteem, which affects child's education at large. Potential therapies that could be implemented in the classroom are discussed in order to cope with this anxiety. Breath techniques are the most important strategies because of their efficiency and ease of application.
Finally, a Decalogue is established as a guide for action to combat performance anxiety which generalist and music teachers could take into account ahead of a first play at schools.

Palabras clave


Stage fright; music education; self-steem; Primary Education; Secondary Education; breath techniques.



Stage fright; music education; self-steem; Primary Education; Secondary Education; breath techniques.

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Referencias


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Copyright (c) 2014 Pablo Ramos Ramos

Revista Internacional de Educación Musical. Publicada por la Sociedad Internacional para la Educación Musical (ISME).

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