Marco Conceptual para Ayudar al Maestro de Instrumento a Integrar la Improvisación Musical en su Práctica Pedagógica

Conceptual Framework to Assist Instrument Teachers to Embed Musical Improvisation Into Their Instructional Practice

Jean-Philippe Després, Francis Dubé

Resumen


Este artículo tiene como objetivo proponer un marco conceptual para ayudar al maestro de música a integrar la improvisación musical en su acto pedagógico. Para desarrollar este marco, primero se llevó a cabo una revisión y análisis de la literatura disponible sobre el tema de la improvisación musical, prestando especial atención en los modelos teóricos y las aplicaciones pedagógicas. Este análisis nos permitió: 1) formular una definición operativa de la improvisación musical; 2) identificar los efectos positivos del aprendizaje de la improvisación musical sobre otras variables; 3) identificar los factores y los procesos cognitivos que entran en juego durante la realización de la improvisación musical; 4) destacar las recomendaciones pedagógicas encontradas en la literatura para la enseñanza de la improvisación musical. Finalmente, hemos desarrollado, a partir de la literatura consultada, un marco conceptual que presenta gráficamente los conocimientos necesarios para poner en práctica el acto de enseñar la improvisación musical.



This essay aims at offering a conceptual framework to help instrument teachers to include improvisation in their pedagogical practice. In order to do so, we have reviewed and analyzed the literature addressing musical improvisation, with a special focus on theoretical models and pedagogical applications. The analysis allowed us to develop a functional definition of musical improvisation, to identify its positive contribution to the learning process and to other aspects, to identify factors and cognitive processes involved in production of musical improvisation, and to inventory pedagogical recommendations found in this literature. Based on the analyzed literature, we finally developed a graphic conceptual framework, which puts together the necessary knowledge to operationalize the process of teaching musical improvisation.

Palabras clave


Improvisación musical; marco conceptual; pedagogía de la improvisación; procesos cognitivos.



Musical improvisation; conceptual framework; pedagogy of improvisation; cognitive process.

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Referencias


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Revista Internacional de Educación Musical. Publicada por la Sociedad Internacional para la Educación Musical (ISME).

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