Una orquesta juvenil incluyente: Pedagogía, cuidado pastoral y ejecución musical.

An inclusive youth orchestra: Pedagogy, pastoral care and performance.

Lina (Athanasia-Angelikí) Tsaklagkanou, Andrea Creech

Resumen


La inspiración para este estudio fue un «incidente crítico» que siguió al concierto anual de fin de curso de la Orquesta Nacional para Todos (National Orchestra for All, NOFA), una orquesta sin audiciones previas  inspirada en El Sistema abierta a jóvenes músicos de todos los niveles con dificultades para la música.
Este estudio examina las características percibidas del ambiente incluyente de la orquesta y los procesos que median en la diversidad del conjunto y que eran importantes para ayudar a los participantes a lograr un alto nivel de cohesión musical. En particular, se examinan las características de la pedagogía, el cuidado pastoral y la ejecución musical durante un curso intensivo de la orquesta. La experiencia principal de  la NOFA sucede durante el curso de verano de cuatro días, que tiene horarios de ensayos intensivos, trabajo por secciones y de la orquesta entera, y que culmina con un concierto final. Este estudio de caso se basa en la información obtenida desde una perspectiva etnográfica a través de observaciones, reflexiones como observadoras participantes, grupos focales y entrevistas.
Los hallazgos sugieren que la pedagogía se centró en el grupo en su conjunto, promovía la colaboración entre todos los involucrados y fomentaba la motivación para el dominio personal de habilidades musicales con el fin de apoyar un esfuerzo colectivo. Las características del cuidado pastoral, como la atención, seguridad, estructura y libertad, representaban un ambiente similar al contexto familiar. Los participantes se sentían emocionados, nerviosos, y orgullosos durante la ejecución, que tenía un alto nivel de cohesión musical que se percibía como resultado de la energía colectiva lograda a través del esfuerzo individual



The inspiration for this study was a ‘critical incident’ that followed the annual end-of-course concert of the National Orchestra for All (NOFA), a non-auditioned, El Sistema inspired orchestra open to young players of all standards who face barriers in music making.
The study examines the perceived features of the inclusive environment of the orchestra and the processes that mediated the diversity of the ensemble and which were significant in assisting the participants to achieve a high level of musical cohesiveness. In particular, it examines the features of pedagogy, pastoral care and performance during the residential orchestral course. NOFA’s main experience happens during a four-day summer residential course, which has intensive rehearsal schedules, sectional work and whole orchestra, culminating in a final concert. This case study draws information from an ethnographic perspective through observations, reflections as a participant observer, focus groups and interviews.
Findings suggested that the pedagogy was focused in the group as a whole, promoted collaboration between all involved and fostered motivation for personal mastery in order to support a collective effort.  Pastoral care features such as care, safety, structure and freedom, represented a family-like world. Participants felt, excited, nervous and proud during the performance, which had a high level of musical cohesiveness as a perceived result of the collective energy made from individual effort.

Palabras clave


Inclusivo; orquesta; agrupación musical; pedagogía; curso intensivo.



Inclusive; orchestra; ensemble; pedagogy; residential.

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Referencias


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Revista Internacional de Educación Musical. Publicada por la Sociedad Internacional para la Educación Musical (ISME).

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